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Information Technology Scope and Guide to the World of Information Technology
 Scope and Skills

What is Information Technology?

Information technology (IT) is an application of Technology to solve the business and organization problems on large scale. This includes aspects of hardware, software, cloud computing and storage. IT persons may work on all the above component or group of components individually or in a team.

There are a few primary responsibilities for an IT department

IT governance: This refers to the combination of policies and processes that ensure IT systems are effectively run and in alignment with the organization’s needs.

IT operations: This includes providing technical support, network maintenance, security testing and device management duties. Hardware and infrastructure: This focus area refers to all the physical components of IT infrastructure. This includes the setup and maintenance of equipment like routers, servers, phone systems and individual devices like laptops.

IT enables to automate and create processes for many of their daily tasks, so that the business continues to run smoothly. The ideal IT department is also aligned with the business’ goals and is transparent in its processes in a way that the rest of the business can understand and provide input on.

Importance of Information Technology

Data overload: This is an era of Data Processing. We need to process huge amounts of data. This requires large amounts of processing power, sophisticated software and human analytical skills.

Mobile and wireless usages: Day by day technology is evolving and every work is possible via remote work options that require smartphones, tablets and laptops with wireless hotspots and roaming ability.

Cloud services: Large amount of data require more memory space to store, process and complete the task. Cloud provides all the above functionality longer with cloud services—third-party hosting platforms that maintain data.

Bandwidth for video hosting: Videoconferencing solutions have become more and more popular, so more network bandwidth is needed to support them sufficiently.

IT career opportunities

Software application Developer

  • Median Annual Salary: 4 to 5 Lakh (For Fresher)
  • Growth: 26%
  • Work: Designing or customising application software
  • Skills Required: Java, Python and java scripts.

Information Security analyst

  • Median Annual Salary: 6  to 7 Lakh (For Fresher)
  • Growth: 32%
  • Work: Monitoring networks for security branches
  • Skills Required: Networks Analysis, Vulnerability assessment, penetration testing and intrusion detection
  • Certification course: Mandatory

Computer Systems Analyst

  • Median Annual Salary: 4  to 5 Lakh (For Fresher)
  • Growth: 9%
  • Work: Enhancing system capability and data processing
  • Skills Required: Business Intelligence(BI) and Project Management
  • Certification course: Optional

Database Administrator

  • Median Annual Salary: 5  to 7 Lakh (For Fresher)
  • Growth: 9%
  • Work: organization of data and its processing
  • Skills Required: SQL, Oracle , Python
  • Certification course: Mandatory

Management Analyst

  • Median Annual Salary: 3  to 5 Lakh (For Fresher)
  • Growth: 10%
  • Work: Report creations and its management
  • Skills Required: Business analysis and Communication skills
  • Certification course: optional

Computer Network Architect

  • Median Annual Salary: 5  to 7 Lakh (For Fresher)
  • Growth: 12%
  • Work: Network architect and implement computer and information networks
  • Skills Required: Computer Networks(LAN,WAN,MAN,VPN), Linux
  • Certification course: Mandatory

Keep in mind that some of these roles will change depending on the size and scope of the company. In smaller companies, most of your daily work may revolve around relatively mundane things like troubleshooting printers, but on the other hand, you may be required to be more of a jack-of-all-trades with broader knowledge.

Characteristics for IT candidates

  • Team player
  • Continuous Learning
  • Problem solving ability
  • Creativity
  • Analytical ability
  • Logical Thinking
  • Leadership
  • A positive attitude and passion for Technology.

Which computer degree sense for fresher?

When it comes to choosing a degree in IT versus computer science, you really can’t go wrong. Both education paths will lead you to a thriving industry. It depends on your personal skills and interests and at what level you have above characteristics.